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Types of lighting used in modern interior design


Lighting is a key factor that determines how nicely or how poorly a room or home is designed. Lighting creates the ambience and affects the mood of the people living in the room. It is important to understand the various types of lighting that is being used and what purpose they solve before you can efficiently do the lighting plan for your room. We will discuss the types of lighting and why they are used in the following portion of the article.

1. Natural lighting: The natural light that a room receives is the amount of sunlight entering the room during the day time. The natural light varies as per the time of the day, the season and the layout of the house. It is quite often that you may find some of your rooms are brighter and warmer than others. A well planned house utilizes maximum amount of sunlight and people living in it are happier.

2. Ambient lighting or general lighting: This is the type of lighting used to create an accessible space where a person can move from one place to another easily. Ambient lighting blankets the entire room and is achieved with ceiling lights. It is good to take the stress out or chat with a friend in ambient lighting as it captures the facial structure and dilates the pupil slightly which is considered as a sign of affection. Ambient lighting is not suitable to work with something closely or highlight certain features of the room. While planning ambient lighting choose the lights depending on how you want the room to feel, whether it should be very bright or just bright enough to feel cozy.

3. Task lighting: Task lighting helps you carry out certain activities like reading, cooking, sewing, etc. Often people call this type of lighting as office lighting. Task lighting works well when the rest of the room is dimmer. Task lighting increases focus and helps a person remain more alert. This is why many offices use task lighting and hence the name office lighting. Task lighting can be achieved using table lamps, swing arm lighting and bedside lamps. In kitchen sometimes under-cabinet lighting is used as task lighting.

4. Accent lighting: It is used to highlight certain features of the room so that the thing it illuminates comes into focus. The subject of accent lighting can be images and paintings, sculptures, other art-works, bookcases, shelves with artifacts, pieces of furniture and certain architectural features. Accent lighting gives a sophisticated feel to the subject of illumination and is quite commonly found in museums, art galleries and historical buildings. Accent lighting is also used in special occasions like the Pujas and Diwali. Wall lights, recessed lighting and spot lighting are quite often used for accent lighting.

Every room has its own requirement of lighting and based on the mood and ambience a single or combination of lighting types can be used to illuminate the space. Often a professional interior designer can guide you better in choosing the lighting plan for your room but a person can also do it without taking professional help if the knowledge about lighting is there, although taking professional help is always recommended.